Being devoid of - oops, inheritance, sub-classing, super calls and virtual methods, “Go” still works wonders for Enterprise App Architects!
“Golang” or “Go” compiles fast, provides lots of good features and gets rid of the bad ones; it has a simple static type system, includes a runtime and garbage collection, and has dynamic interfaces and a standard library that fares well. All these features make it worthy to be adopted by budding programmers.
Golang does not make use of inheritance and polymorphism and many such oops concepts but is in favor of simple interfaces and composition. It promotes explicit errors in return values, thus downplaying exception handling. It is a lightweight option for developing heavyweight applications. Go is a general-purpose programming language that can be used for a variety of uses like a web-server in the back-end and can be used to build many famous apps like Kubernetes, Docker, and the Heroku CLI. (More examples are illustrated below)
Challenges Faced While Making Use of Golang
Illustrative (not a comprehensive list though):
What issues does Golang resolve?
Go is preferred for the following few reasons:
What does the TIOBE index say about Go?
Ratings among prevalent programming languages:
Figure Source: https://www.tiobe.com/tiobe-index/
How Go fares among its counterparts:
Figure Source: https://www.tiobe.com/tiobe-index/go/
Who makes use of Go?
Figure Source: https://blog.golang.org/survey2018/fig1.svg
How frequently is Go being used?
Figure Source: https://blog.golang.org/survey2018/fig2.svg
It is important to track Go's adoption across industries in order to better understand developer needs outside of technology companies. Besides Internet/web services and Software categories (i.e., tech companies), Go has been widely adopted in finance, banking, insurance, media, advertising, publishing, or entertainment as their official programming language.
Golang vs. Nodejs
|Points of Difference||Golang||Node.js|
|How is it being used?||Go is an open-source programming language.||Node.js is an open-source server framework.|
|Inherent Nature||Go is expressive, concise, clean, and efficient.||Builds fast and scalable network applications by making use of an event-driven, non-blocking I/O model that makes it lightweight and efficient, perfect for data-intensive real-time applications that run across distributed devices.|
|Performance||Go has originated from “C” and “Python” and has thus inherited all the pros of seasoned languages which are helpful in developing enterprise applications.||Performance of Node.js is similar to that of Golang, but there can be other factors that might affect performance on server-side.|
|Scalability||Google designed Golang to be scalable and concurrency without hassles.||Node.js faces scaling issues which makes it less efficient than Golang.|
|Ease of Development||Golang is not so popular so a lot of manual configuration and research is required.||Node.js has been there for a while. It is loaded with numerous libraries, tutorials, and platforms, and is thus considered as a reliable platform for cross-application app development across Windows, Mac, Unix and Linux platforms.|
|Error Handling||Explicit code checking is required.||Node.js makes use of throw/catch that makes it easy to find the errors as they occur.|
Cost of Enterprise App
The answer to this question varies according to project and business requirements, the available skillset, client requirements and technologies that are being used. Considering the fees charged by developers, their experience, knowledge and skillset over required technology, supporting infrastructure, the process followed a type of engagement, market type, complexity, time and quality and any other particular project requirement should be considered separately to estimate the cost of enterprise app development.
A Quick Recap
Google came up with “Golang”, better known as “Go” programming language in 2007, just to do away with the extra overheads of prevalent, similar programming languages like C, C++, and Java. It has chucked out all trolls and has become most eligible counterpart or an heir apparent of long-held Java, the boss of all Enterprise Applications. Appreciated for its swift compilations due to native concurrency processing, “Golang” is able to execute several computations during overlapping time periods instead of sequential processing. Enterprise App Developers have been making use of Go to build cloud applications. E.g.: Docker, Kubernetes, Uber, Google, Dropbox, Booking.com, Juno, SpaceX, etc. The 2017 Developer Survey by Stack Overflow confirms that Golang among five top-paying technologies worldwide.
For these and few more primary reasons like ease to use, fewer versions increased speed due to automatic memory management, presence of Goroutines to lighten the thread load and easy learning curve, Golang is considered as an efficient option for enterprise application development by experienced as well as naïve programmers.
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