Why “Go” Ascents Enterprise Application Development?

Manish Jain
Manish Jain, Co-Founder & Managing Director at Konstant Infosolutions
Published on Jun 18, 2019 in Enterprise App Developers Resources
Why “Go” Ascents Enterprise Application Development?

Being devoid of - oops, inheritance, sub-classing, super calls and virtual methods, “Go” still works wonders for Enterprise App Architects!

“Golang” or “Go” compiles fast, provides lots of good features and gets rid of the bad ones; it has a simple static type system, includes a runtime and garbage collection, and has dynamic interfaces and a standard library that fares well. All these features make it worthy to be adopted by budding programmers.

Golang does not make use of inheritance and polymorphism and many such oops concepts but is in favor of simple interfaces and composition. It promotes explicit errors in return values, thus downplaying exception handling. It is a lightweight option for developing heavyweight applications. Go is a general-purpose programming language that can be used for a variety of uses like a web-server in the back-end and can be used to build many famous apps like Kubernetes, Docker, and the Heroku CLI. (More examples are illustrated below)

“Go” Realisms’19

  • Many Enterprise application developers have made Go as part of their daily routine.
  • API/RPC services and CLI tools are the most common use cases of the Go programming language.
  • Go is increasingly being used for automation tasks.
  • While web development is the most important domain, DevOps has shown highest year by year growth and has subsequently become the second best domain to utilize Go primarily.
  • GoLand and VS Code have become popular as highly efficient code editors recently.

Challenges Faced While Making Use of Golang

Illustrative (not a comprehensive list though):

  • GUI/front-end development
  • Modules/package management/vendoring
  • Differences from familiar languages/ecosystems
  • Lack of generics
  • Missing Libraries
  • Error Handling
  • Debugging
  • Understanding best practices/ Learning curve
  • Code organization/ Code verbosity
  • GOPATH/ Project structure/
  • Business Adoption
  • Performance problems
  • Missing language concepts

What issues does Golang resolve?

Go is preferred for the following few reasons:

  • Go allows rapid development of concurrent apps.
  • It helps streamline software development.
  • It is easy to develop cross-platform apps via Golang.
  • It is an open-source programming language that is extremely compatible with the cloud. It, therefore, enables the creation of complex cloud apps.
  • Go makes use of native machine code, thereby omitting the need to make use of CLR or JVM for developing web apps.
  • It accentuates memory management and development of simple interfaces along with garbage collection, thus managing memory completely.
  • Go has access to a rich library and the fully-functional web server.
  • It is relatively scalable and has built-in features like Go-routines and channels to handle simultaneous tasks within one app.
  • Golang has a compiler which directly converts code into executable files.
  • Finally, Golang enables doing difficult things while they are easy and processes the great things while they are small. Its entire specification is just a few pages long and prefers composition over inheritance due to its well-designed type system.

What does the TIOBE index say about Go?

Ratings among prevalent programming languages:

Why “Go” Ascents Enterprise Application Development?

How Go fares among its counterparts:

Why “Go” Ascents Enterprise Application Development?

Who makes use of Go?

Why “Go” Ascents Enterprise Application Development?

How frequently is Go being used?

Why “Go” Ascents Enterprise Application Development?

It is important to track Go's adoption across industries in order to better understand developer needs outside of technology companies. Besides Internet/web services and Software categories (i.e., tech companies), Go has been widely adopted in finance, banking, insurance, media, advertising, publishing, or entertainment as their official programming language.

Golang vs. Nodejs

Both Golang and Node.js are used for backend programming. Node.js helps execute JavaScript on server-side, as it is itself written in that language. Golang can be used to write executable code on the server. Although both Golang and Node.js come with almost the same functions, still the difference in results can be detected via the size of the project, its structure, and type of development process that matches well with the business goals.

Points of DifferenceGolangNode.js
How is it being used?Go is an open-source programming language.Node.js is an open-source server framework.
Inherent NatureGo is expressive, concise, clean, and efficient.Builds fast and scalable network applications by making use of an event-driven, non-blocking I/O model that makes it lightweight and efficient, perfect for data-intensive real-time applications that run across distributed devices.
PerformanceGo has originated from “C” and “Python” and has thus inherited all the pros of seasoned languages which are helpful in developing enterprise applications.Performance of Node.js is similar to that of Golang, but there can be other factors that might affect performance on server-side.
ConcurrencyIt suits well for writing concurrent programs with many independently running parts. As every request runs separately, these often need to share resources such as sessions, caches, or notification queues. Golang makes use of co-routines better known as “goroutines”. These enable multiple threads to perform simultaneously thus executing parallel tasks easily and reliably.Instructions are performed in sequence in Node.js. This becomes more important in case of large applications when a lot of scaling and parallel processing is required at the same time. The concurrency provided by JavaScript is not always effective.
ScalabilityGoogle designed Golang to be scalable and concurrency without hassles.Node.js faces scaling issues which makes it less efficient than Golang.
Ease of DevelopmentGolang is not so popular so a lot of manual configuration and research is required. Node.js has been there for a while. It is loaded with numerous libraries, tutorials, and platforms, and is thus considered as a reliable platform for cross-application app development across Windows, Mac, Unix and Linux platforms.
Error HandlingExplicit code checking is required.Node.js makes use of throw/catch that makes it easy to find the errors as they occur.

Also read: Node.js vs Golang: Faring the Best Backend Technology for Web Development

Cost of Enterprise App

The answer to this question varies according to project and business requirements, the available skillset, client requirements and technologies that are being used. Considering the fees charged by developers, their experience, knowledge and skillset over required technology, supporting infrastructure, the process followed a type of engagement, market type, complexity, time and quality and any other particular project requirement should be considered separately to estimate the cost of enterprise app development.

A Quick Recap

Google came up with “Golang”, better known as “Go” programming language in 2007, just to do away with the extra overheads of prevalent, similar programming languages like C, C++, and Java. It has chucked out all trolls and has become most eligible counterpart or an heir apparent of long-held Java, the boss of all Enterprise Applications. Appreciated for its swift compilations due to native concurrency processing, “Golang” is able to execute several computations during overlapping time periods instead of sequential processing. Enterprise App Developers have been making use of Go to build cloud applications. E.g.: Docker, Kubernetes, Uber, Google, Dropbox, Booking.com, Juno, SpaceX, etc. The 2017 Developer Survey by Stack Overflow confirms that Golang among five top-paying technologies worldwide.

For these and few more primary reasons like ease to use, fewer versions increased speed due to automatic memory management, presence of Goroutines to lighten the thread load and easy learning curve, Golang is considered as an efficient option for enterprise application development by experienced as well as naïve programmers.

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About the author
Manish JainCo-Founder & Managing Director at Konstant Infosolutions

Manish Jain is the co-founder and Managing Director of Konstant Infosolutions, a mobile app development company based out in India and the USA. Being a technology enthusiast with 15+ experience, his strategic advice and guidance have provided a compe...

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