As an application developer the most substantial decision is to determine the right tool for building an app. The selection process of technical apparatus may look easy , but it is vei more complicated for a developer to select a suitable fit for developing a unique application. Things get more complicated when one has to choose from React Native and Native. The best way to resolve the complexity of this situation and make an absolute choice is to assimilate their differences.
So let’s represent the most contrasting factors of React Native and Native from the following table:
Before jumping to any conclusion, it's essential for you to get comprehensive knowledge of React Native and Native (iOS and Android) individually for agile application development.
The first question that may pop up in your mind is what is the primary difference between React Native and Native?
A Native application is that app which gets designed for a specific platform. Mainly there are two most popular platforms amidst others- Android and iOS. While developing a Native application for Android, the developers prefer using Android Studio in Java and Kotlin languages. Whereas iOS development gets driven in Xcode and the languages adopted by the developers are objective C and Swift.
The crux of the elaborated definition is that there is no need to create two different applications for Android and
PROS of React Development
iOS if that application runs on React Native unlike Native development, this also serves as the primary difference between them.
The popularity of React Native is not equivalent to its victory over Native. We have to apprehend the pros and cons of these frameworks and languages.
SINGULAR CODE BASE
As mentioned earlier, React Native uses only one code base to develop a mobile application which can be used for both iOS and Android. This is the biggest advantage for developers who find difficulty in learning multiple programming languages.
Application development is usually a time-consuming process, it takes more than 3-4 months to create a simple application but, things differ with React Native. Considering the fact that the development of only one application is sufficient for dual platforms, it automatically saves the extra time spent on the development of another app.
Since React Native is an open source framework, it is easy to monitor any change in its code. It plays an essential role to refine the functionality of this framework by eliminating bugs and adding new features to it.
Pros and cons are like two sides of a coin if you have examined one side it is mandatory to inspect the other.
Evaluate the real value of React Native by looking at the following
CONS of React Native:
LACK OF SECURITY
React Native has a small set of third party software components and community which restricts the developers ability and they are bound to create only basic simple applications. If you wish to develop a highly-interactive application then you have to appoint a skilled Native developer to translate the third party modules into native modules.
ABSENCE of EXPERTISE
Though a React Native developer is efficient in creating cross-platform applications and can work on the single code base, there are some complex operations that need some native engineers (Objective C, Java) for which you have to Hire iOS developer and Android developers.
Now that you have understood the actual value of React Native, it's time to know about Native and how it can affect the process of application development?
PROS of Native:
BETTER USER INTERFACE
As native apps connects with the mobile operating system in a seamless manner, it enables the user a hassle-free way to navigate a familiar interface that results in user-friendly experiences.
HIGHER POSITIONING IN APP STORES
The quality of user experience is a significant rating factor in app stores. If an application has a higher rating then, it will be ranked highly which improve its visibility and eventually increase revenue. It has been evident that native apps are positioned better on the app stores because of their easy-to-use operations and faster performance.
Native application development involves platform-centric technologies that directly interlinks the native code to the host’s operating system. This interaction with the native features of the smartphones elevates the overall performance of an application, especially when it is related to graphics or multimedia content. Hence, it is easy to build complex applications using native code as it reduces the risk of downtimes from crashes.
CONS of Native:
Unlike React Native, iOS development or Android development does not support a single code base for building cross-platform applications. Therefore, in case a company wants to develop native applications for numerous platforms, it may be compelled to hire additional programmers for the same. For instance, iOS developer aims at iOS app development while Android developer focuses on Android app development, which immensely affects the total costs of the Organization.
REQUIRES FREQUENT UPGRADES
Native applications demand constant upgradations. If a new update is about to be released or a bug gets rectified, developers are obliged to submit those updates to the app store and believe that users will update their apps to the latest versions.
In case users do not update their app because of less storage space or maybe they didn't notice the update, those users might renounce the app due to slow performance and unfixed glitches. This put developers in worried situation about losing their customers.
Each platform, such as Android and iOS, requires a separate set of codes, which means a great amount of time is spent upon the application development, as it is needs to coding for two distinctive apps. It takes approx 18 weeks to develop a quality native app and the time increases as per the complexity of the project.
Despite the fact that native application is smooth, faster and merges well with the device’s features, it does not implies that it the best option for you.
The shortcomings like time-consuming development process make it a hurdle for the Entrepreneurs who have a low budget and extra time constraints.
Both React Native and Native equally possess some strengths and weaknesses. It is difficult to select one from a native or cross-platform application as none renders perfection.
Native applications meet your expectations like high performance and better user experience whereas React Native applications are the best choice for a smaller budget and faster development. Ultimately, you should go for a platform that is suitable for your unique business needs and motivate you to achieve you application development goals.
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