Defogging the hype around React Native and Native, let’s find some interesting information about the two famous development approaches according to prevalent trends:
Steve Jobs once stated, "It is the battle for the mindshare of developers and the mindshare of the customers and right now iPhone and Android are winning that battle." The global market has expanded to engulf several brands. It is about innovation, making the best products (best out of available resources and technologies), in an urge to ameliorate the ecosystem and if we do that well, more people are going to switch from Android to iOS.
It is important to understand the buyers and their business idea before creating a mobile app. It has to be curated, crafted and customized to maximize time/productivity. So how exactly do you transfer your idea scribbled on a napkin into a fully sustainable company?
When to develop React Native applications?
What to develop Native applications?
Native framework is used for building platform (OS) specific applications. Such applications can be built by making use of appropriate development tools, interface elements, standardized SDK, Xcode, and Android Studio.
It is advisable to use native app development when performance is a concern, a consistent interface and navigability is required, there is a need for the app to access new device features like (camera, GPS, accelerometer, connectivity, messaging, Bluetooth, BLE, Wi-Fi, web-browser, voice-based features, auto-correction and dictionary, multi-tasking, multi-touch, video calling, multiple-language support, etc.), and for better compliance with app store guidelines.
Native App Development for Android
Google provides advanced Android App Development tools Like Android SDK, Firebase, Android Jetpack, other in-house tools and third-party solutions for Android development. Android Applications can be developed by making use of Kotlin, Java, etc.
Native app development for iOS
Native iOS apps can be developed in Objective-C, Swift, etc. Apple provides many excellent tools and resources to be used for iOS development like iOS SDK, XCode, Swift Playgrounds, TestFlight, etc.
iOS has a remarkable third-party ecosystem with well-known developer tools such as AppCode, CodeRunner, etc. It is important for the iOS app to comply with the standards of the Apple App Store for performance, security issues, and valuable content to get approved and published on the platform.
Examples of Native App Development Tools
Comparison: Native vs. React Native
So is React Native better than Native? There is no confirmed answer here. To be precise, the scope and requirements of the project and client's expectations with it are the defining criteria of selecting native or cross-platform approach. As far as we know pure native development (iOS or Android apps) are always fast, highly performant and have less turnaround time.
Cross-platform app development approach goes at its own pace. It is not as performant as its native counterparts, but the use of single code-base across platforms makes the app economic, saves developer’s efforts and subsequent time. Be sure to test throughout the build process, especially if you are planning on deploying to both iOS and Android.
|S No.||Differences||React Native (Cross-Platform App Development)||Native (Platform Specific)|
|1||Open-Source/Licensed||It is open-source.||It is licensed for the iOS environment. Android is still open source.|
|2||Purpose||It is used to build cross-platform apps (for both iOS and Android)||It is used to build native apps, which implies that separate applications have to be developed specifically to each platform. iOS- Swift or Objective-C, Android- JAVA or Kotlin|
|3||API Access||RN does not support all API’s.||It offers access to all API’s, without any extra layer mapping over the functionality that needs to be updated without restricting the dependencies other than those of the native environment.|
|4||Cost||The cost of development is comparatively low due to single-code-base even with extra skills for hybrid tools.||The cost of development comes out to be high when different codes have to be written for various platforms.|
|5||Code-reusability||The same code is applicable across platforms.||The code is specific to a particular platform either Android or iOS.|
|6||Time to market||RN applications take lesser time to develop due to the presence of the same codebase applicable to all platforms.||Native applications require more time to develop.|
|7||Interaction with Native Apps||React Native does not support this. It has to either take help of native modules or third party apps.||It is a lot easier to access device-specific applications with the help of native apps.|
|8||Difference in Design||Both Android and iOS apps have different design elements which look and work in a different way. Although the graphical elements are automatically transformed to match the given platform, the placement of various elements might still vary. Therefore, the app made for cross-platform might differ in performance and design a lot.||Code specific for each platform does not face design issues.|
|9||Multi-Tasking/Multi-Threading||React Native allows the developers to work across just two tasks at a time.||Native applications allow users to work simultaneously on over five tasks.|
|10||Complexity of Applications||React native is particularly suitable in case of apps with lower complexity like wire-framing apps, text editors, etc.||Native applications are suitable in case of apps with higher complexity like Audio/Video editing etc.|
In this hyper-connected virtual world that never switches off, n-number of people stay plugged into their devices while they commute every day. While React Native app development can be good for apprentice developers, native can be adopted by more senior ones. And if there is a need to have a simpler code, and performance is not a major issue, React Native is preferable. But native app development must be adopted where framework maturity, industry adoption, performance, programming language, simplified code structure, saving the application state and clear documentation are important to consider. As widely heard, Native app development requires the use of programming language and integrated development environment (IDE) tools like Xcode tool makes use of Objective-C in iOS and Android Studio makes use of Java and Kotlin language, etc.