A Beginner’s Guide to Web Application Development (2021)

Hitesh Dhawan
Published on Jun 22, 2021 in App Development

Web application development from scratch can be challenging and a daunting task especially for a non-coder. If you are a first time programmer, you will need to understand the entire process of web app development. Web app development mainly focuses on interacting with the browsers without using the standard engineering processes. You can use programs such as HTML, CSS, and JavaScript for building web applications. A web development company develops web apps that work as an interactive computer program for either a single user or for access by multiple users at the same time. This blog is a comprehensive beginners’ guide that takes you through all the steps in web application development.

Web Apps and Web App Development

A web app or web application is an interactive computer program created using technologies such as HTML, JS, CSS that stores files, databases and manipulates data using the CRUD principle. CRUD stands for Create, Read, Update and Delete and is the foundation of web app development. The Web apps can be accessed via a browser such as Google Chrome through a login/sign up mechanism.

Web applications are determined by the input data created, read, updated and deleted while websites are determined by their output.

Progressive web apps are a modern type of web app that follow a different methodology involving additional technologies like push notifications and manifests. Progressive web apps can be downloaded onto your device and can be accessed like any other native app.

Web Application Development is the process of creating a specific internet platform or app using a client-server programming model. Typically, web app development services mainly involve identification of the problem, creation of a design, choosing the technology, testing and development.

Components of Web Apps

The various components that a developer must focus on while developing a web app are:

  • Components that are responsible for UI/UX design of the web app.
  • Components that are responsible for the structural enhancement of the web app.
  • Components that drive the client-side of the web app.
  • Components that handle the server-side of the web app.

Advantages of Web Apps

  • From the developers’ point of view, web applications are simpler to maintain as they have the option to apply the same code across different functions.
  • Web applications can work on any OS platform such as Windows, Linux, and so on as all these systems support modern browsers.
  • Web apps can be accessed on any device at any time from any location around the world.
  • Web app development for businesses can turn out to be more cost-effective than website development due to their robust and flexible features.
  • Web apps do not require any download or installation of components for your website.

Steps in Web App Development

There are several intricate steps that go into web app development and as a programmer, you will first need to plan your framework and workflow before initiating the project. Once you decide on the workflow, you can transform it into a wireframe for testing. The main steps in web app development are:

Identify the Problem and the Goal

The foremost requirement to build a successful web app is to understand the purpose of making it. You must discuss with the client what is the problem with the existing app and what he wishes to achieve with the new web app. The intention of building the app and the idea process is the most crucial step in web app development. The idea must stem from solving a problem. The scope of the website must be clearly understood so that you can decide the list of tasks that can achieve the particular client goal.

Build the Database

For web app development, you will need to decide on the database that will store the app data. You must begin with building your front end and back end databases. Front end database is the wireframe of your app that you need to validate at the initial stage of app development. You can use HTML, JavaScript or CSS for your front end framework. Your backend framework of the app will provide the HTTP endpoints that handles the users and their authentication.

Build the Wireframe of the Web App

The third step in web app development is to create the blueprint of the web app’s UI and functionality. The wireframe must include various components such as navigation, sketching, branding, forms, buttons, and other interactive elements. Sketching different aspects of your web app will help you understand how the app functionality will impact the overall design.

Create the Content

At the end of the day, content is king for any form of digital platform. You must strive to create relevant, engaging content that is unique and strikes a chord right away with the user.

Create the Visual Effects

Once the content is decided upon, you must take care of the presentation and layout of the web app. All aspects of the web app must be visually appealing in terms of color, style, font, images and so on. The layout must be in a way such that all functions are clearly displayed and users can effortlessly navigate the app.

Test your Web App

You cannot release or host your web app without implementing elaborate test scenarios multiple times during the course of web app development. You can perform manual testing to test the functionality, performance, security, compatibility and speed of the app before you can launch it on public domain.

Host your Web App

Hosting your web app is an elaborate process as you must host it on a server. You must first buy a domain and a hosting plan for your web app and then choose a reliable cloud hosting provider.

The Final Word

Ultimately, while developing a web app, you must follow the above processes and steps. Once you reach the development stage, you may need to make critical decisions like whether you want to code your app from scratch, apply a framework, or use an existing platform. Whatever choice you make must depend upon what is right for your client and the business.

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About the author
Hitesh DhawanFounder, CEO at Neuronimbus Software Services

A successful serial entrepreneur, mentor and investor. Hitesh comes from the 'street smart' crop with over 18 years of experience in the digital solutions domain. A passionate people’s man who has worked on delivering business solutions and unlocking...

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